Starfleet Regulations state that an officer placed in nominal command of a vessel must retain/keep command until relieved by the commander of official Starfleet record. Anyone other than the commander of record will be subject to immediate court-martial should they attempt to exercise command of said vessel/commander.
The Starfleet Transportation Code specifies that no one shall board a Starfleet warp vessel without confirmation from Central Command, at which point the Captain of official Starfleet record of said vessel may still deny permission to board said vessel with justified cause.
The Starfleet Charter, Section 31 states that Section 31 holds nonspecific discretionary powers over all nonspecific Starfleet matters.
Emergency Action Regulation T-Four Slash Nine, Subsection Twelve States that Any Starfleet personnel exposed to threatening behavior on the part of the enemy is required to use any means necessary to neutralize said enemy.
Algeron Accord: Federation personnel may obtain a cloaking device by unspecified means from any Empire that has cloaking technology. Unless agreed otherwise under specific conditions the Federation may not create its own cloaking device.
Away Team Guidelines: In part, forbids the transport of unknown infectious agents onto a Starship without first establishing containment and eradication protocols.
Directive 010: Before engaging alien species in battle, any and all attempts to make First Contact and achieve non-military solutions must be made.
Directive 101: Assures that an individual accused of a crime has the right to remain silent under questioning.
The Omega Directive: Requires the Captain of a Starship to Notify Starfleet Command immediately on detection of an omega molecule, and authorize the use of any means necessary to destroy it. (This directive is unknown to virtually all Starfleet personels and overrides the Prime Directive).
Order 104, Section B: Starfleet order which establishes chain of command. Allows a superior officer to assume command of a Starship when its Captain is absent.µ
Order 104, Section C: Starfleet order which states the Chief Medical Officer may remove the Captain from command if he considers him unfit for duty. The CMO must produce evidence to support this view.
Regulation 46-A: If transmissions are being monitored during battle, no uncoded messages on an open channel.
Regulation 42/15: An engineering procedure related to impulse engines and pressure variations within the impulse reaction chamber tank storage.
Regulation 121, Section A: Starfleet order which states the Chief Medical Officer may remove the Captain from command if he considers him unfit for duty. This order is a replacement or updating of General Order 104, Section C.
Regulation 157 Section III Paragraph 18: Part of the temporal prime directive - Starfleet officers shall take all necessary precautions to minimize any participation in historical events.
Regulation 476-9: All away teams must report to the bridge at least once every 24 hours.
Security Protocol 28 Subsection D: In the event of a hostile takeover of a Starship, the EMH is to deactivate and await rescue.
Special Order 66715: Grants Starfleet Internal Affairs department authority to neutralize security threats to the Federation by whatever means necessary.
Starfleets Temporal Displacement Policy: Part of the temporal prime directive. Prohibits time travelling personnel from interfering in past timelines.
Federation Interstellar Maritime Collision Regulations, Rule 38, Paragraph 2: In the event of a Collision or take-over of a civilian vessel, the civilian vessel must report the trouble to the nearest Starfleet vessel of Scout class or above.
Starfleet's General Orders
General Order 1 As the right of each sentient species to live in accordance with its normal cultural evolution is considered sacred, no Starfleet personnel may interfere with the normal and healthy development of alien life and culture. Such interference includes introducing superior knowledge, strength, or technology to a world whose society is incapable of handling such advantages wisely. Starfleet personnel may not violate this Prime Directive, even to save their lives and/or their ship, unless they are acting to right an earlier violation or an accidental contamination of said culture. This directive takes precedence over any and all other considerations, and carries with it the highest moral obligation.
General Order 2 No Starfleet personnel shall unnecessarily use force, either collectively or individually, against members of the United Federation of Planets, their duly authorized representatives, spokespersons, or designated leaders, or members of any sentient non-member race, for any reason whatsoever.
General Order 3 The sovereignty of each Federation member being respected in all things, Starfleet personnel shall observe any and all statutes, laws, ordinances, and rules of governance currently in effect within the jurisdiction of a member planet. Violators of such ordinances will be subject to such punishments or corrections as shall be determined by local governmental bodies.
General Order 4 If contact is made with hitherto undiscovered intelligent life-forms, under no circumstance shall Starfleet personnel, either by word or deed, inform said life-forms that worlds other than their own or intelligent life-forms other than their own exist outside the confines of their own space.
General Order 5 In cases of extreme emergency, Federation special representatives are empowered to assume emergency powers to deal with a condition or circumstance that is deemed hazardous to the welfare of Federation citizenry. Within the scope of these emergency powers, duly authorized civilian personnel may assume temporary command of Starfleet vessels and/or personnel to deal with the emergency. Starfleet personnel must submit to their authority for the duration of the crisis.
General Order 6 The request for emergency assistance from Federation citizenry demands unconditional priority from Starfleet personnel. Such personnel shall immediately respond to said request, postponing all other activities.
General Order 7 No Starfleet vessel shall visit the planet Talos IV under any circumstances, emergency or otherwise. This order supersedes General Order 6. Any transgression of this general order shall be punishable by death.
General Order 8 Upon sighting a warship within Federation space and identifying it as belonging to a foreign power, the commander of the Starfleet vessel shall determine the reason(s) for that craft's presence in the vicinity. If there is conclusive evidence that the vessel has hostile intentions, the Federation vessel may take appropriate action to safeguard the lives and property of Federation members. In such cases, the commander may use his discretion in deciding whether to use force to disable the hostile vessel. However, care should be taken to avoid unnecessary loss of sentient life.
General Order 9 No commander of a Starfleet vessel, military or auxiliary, may grant political asylum to any individual without first being given express permission to do so by a representative of the Federation government.
General Order 10 If there exists eyewitness testimony by senior officers or similar verifiable evidence that an individual has violated the Prime Directive, said individual may be relieved of duty by a duly sworn representative of the Federation government and placed under immediate arrest. The governmental representative shall then take such action as he deems necessary to minimize the results of the violation.
General Order 11 Starfleet officers with the rank of captain or higher are granted full authority to negotiate conditions of agreement and/or treaties with legal representatives of non-Federation planets. In such circumstances, the acting officer carries de facto powers of a Federation Special Ambassador. Any and all agreements arranged in this manner are subject to approval by the Chief of Starfleet Operations and the Secretary of Starfleet.
General Order 12 Federation officers may violate Neutral Zone areas as designated by treaty only if such action is required to save the lives of Federation citizens under conditions of extreme emergency.
Subsection Seven-Point-One, Governing Rules of Engagement: No shipwide defenses are to be used. No weapons are permitted. All that may be shown at this time is the "flag".
General Order 13 Except when orders state to the contrary, Starfleet personnel will respect the territorial integrity of independent planetary systems and governments, and will not violate territorial space belonging to such worlds.
General Order 14 Starfleet personnel may intervene in local planetary affairs to restore general order and to secure the lives and property of Federation citizens only upon receiving a direct order to do so from a civilian official with the title of governor or higher.
General Order 15 No officer of flag rank shall travel into a potentially hazardous area without suitable armed escort.
General Order 16 Starfleet personnel may extend technological, medical, or other scientific assistance to a member of a previously unrecognized sentient species only if such assistance in no way compromises the Prime Directive or the security of the Federation or Starfleet.
General Order 17 Starfleet vessel captains are to consider the lives of their crew members as sacred. In any potentially hostile situation, the captain will place the lives of his crew above the fate of his ship.
General Order 18 "Upon being accused of treason against the Federation, Starfleet personnel may demand a trail conducted by the Federation judiciary". If the individual is acquitted, Starfleet Command shall have no further legal recourse against the accused in said matter.
General Order 19 Except in times of declared emergency, Starfleet personnel may under no circumstances convey personnel or material between planets or planetary systems when there is reason to believe that said personnel or material may be used to conduct aggression. This order applies to independent worlds within the Federation as well as to Federation members.
General Order 20 Officers and personnel of Starfleet Command may employ whatever means necessary to prevent the possession, transportation, sale, or commercial exchange of sentient beings held against their wishes within the boundaries of Federation space.
General Order 21 No Starfleet personnel, either officer or enlisted, may offer his services to an independent foreign government without the express authorization of the Federation Assembly.
General Order 22 As the rights of individual expression and free discourse are considered sacred, Starfleet personnel may debate the policies and decisions of their governmental representatives privately at any time, to the extent that such discussions do not violate their command oath or specific duties to the Federation per these General Orders or Starfleet regulations.
General Order 23 When verifiable proof is presented to the senior commanding officer of a Starfleet vessel or post that a Federation representative may currently be acting or have acted in the past to violate the Prime Directive, the officer may relieve said representative of office, then assume the full powers of that office pending a full investigation by governmental officials. µ
General Order 24 If a commanding officer deems that an individual or group of individuals pose a threat to Starfleet personnel or Federation civilians, he may take any action deemed necessary (including force) to secure the safety of those threatened.
General Order 25 Civilian and military personnel taken into custody by Starfleet personnel during times of extreme emergency shall be accorded proper treatment consistent with their rank or station, insofar as such treatment does not compromise the security of the Federation or Starfleet.
General Order 26 No member of a ship's complement or other ground-based installation can be held directly accountable for the actions of their superiors. Similarly, no member of a ship's company or other Starfleet personnel will share in disciplinary measures taken against the commanding officer(s) if said individuals were not directly involved in the actions leading to disciplinary measures. This order extends to conditions involving proven violations of the Prime Directive, where proof of such violations exist.
General Order 27 No member of Starfleet shall be required by the assignment of standard duties and responsibilities to undergo extended separation from his family, if family members can be reasonably provided for aboard ship or as a part of an existing Starfleet installation.
General Order 28 No officer of command rank shall be removed from command status unless such action has the complete and unqualified agreement of at least three senior officers present. Whenever possible, such officers shall include the ship's First Officer, Chief Medical Officer, Counselor, and one junior officer of command station.
General Order 29 The primary responsibility of the commander of any Starfleet vessel or installation is the welfare and safety of his crew, including any civilian members. No action may be taken that creates an unwarranted threat to the safety of those individuals under the officer's charge, except in the line of duty and when otherwise unavoidable.
General Order 30 Starfleet Command recognizes the right of each ship commander to interpret the specifications of the Prime Directive as he sees fit, consistent with the conditions of other existing general orders in effect, and based upon circumstances that may arise in dealing with newly discovered sentient races.
General Order 31 The conditions and specifications of the Prime Directive shall henceforth apply to all sentient lifeforms discovered, whether they are of natural or artificial origin.
General Order 32 Except in the case of an extreme emergency, no Starfleet commander is authorized to order his ship to travel faster than Warp Factor Five without express permission from Starfleet Command.